Auschwitz-Birkenau. German death camp. 1944. Complex.

Auschwitz-Birkenau was a network of german death camps and concentration camps, built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Germany during World War II.  It consisted of :

– Auschwitz I – the original camp; was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September 1941
– Auschwitz II – Birkenau – a combination concentration/extermination camp with gas chambers and crematorium
– Auschwitz III – Monowitz/Buna – a labor camp to staff an Buna-Werke IG Farben factory
At least 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz, they were killed with the pesticide Zyklon B. Many of those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments by Josef Mengele, known as the "Angel of Death". The prisoners remaining at the camp were liberated on January 27, 1945. In 1947 Poland founded a museum on the site of Auschwitz I and II, and in 1979, it was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Wikipedia.

Compare historic map to google map. Use opacity slider. Detailed map of camp is here – CLICK.

Title: Auschwitz-Birkenau Complex. Publisher:Place of publisching:Date: 26.06.1944. Language: english Description: Enlarged from the original negative and captioned in 1978 by the CIA.


Artykuł po polsku.

 

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Auschwitz-Birkenau. German death camp. 1944-1945. Detailed.
World War 2 beginning. Germany and Russia invaded Poland. 1, 17 September 1939.


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